Saponaria, common soapwort, soapweed (Saponaria officinalis)
In the wild we find the saponaria frequently on banks and in meadows. Because of its components it has often been used in the past as soap and museums still exist today that use the saponaria extract to clean delicate items. The plant reaches height of approx. 70 cm and blooms in July, August, September and October. Besides the flowers give off a pleasant scent in the evening and it in this period when they are visited by moths, bees and wasps.
Soil: nutrient-rich moist soil, in the wild it is found in sandy soils or limestone.
Light: direct sun or semi-shade
Multiplication: separating vegetative rhizome plant works well in the garden. Multiplication by seeds also works very well.
Winter: Winter hardy, it does not need special protection
In the home: it can be used as detergent, crushed parts of the plant (leaves and roots) in water and mixed with a mixer or blender, creating a thick foam. Used as soap or skin care can reduce itching and soften the skin and hair
Medicinal: Even before the Middle Ages the plant (usually the roots and rhizome) was used by Arab physicians externally for fungal infections caused by eczema or even leprosy. Fungi "athlete's foot" substantially improves with daily foot baths and poultices for different body parts. In the Middle Ages it was also used against coughs, bronchitis and other diseases of the upper respiratory system. In addition, the internally it is effective as a diuretic and anti rheumatic.
However, this plant is somewhat toxic and overdose can occur diarrhea and vomiting. The maximum daily dose of dried roots should not exceed 1.5 grams.